TCOM technology megatrends
  • Computerization
  • Information technology
  • Digital convergence
  • Connectivity
  • Broadband
  • Digital compression
  • Interactivity
  • Multimedia
  • Personalization
  • Miniaturization
  • High Resolution
  • Portability
  • Mobility
Megatrends can be a starting point for analyzing the TCOM world.
  • Megatrends are the forces that define our present and future worlds.  The relationships between megatrends are also important to consider.
TCOM technology megatrends

1. Shift to digital technology

Digitization, or computerization, refers to the shift to a society where computers are ubiquitous; to carry out, control, or conduct by means of a computer.

The Internet of Things is the network of physical objects - devices, vehicles, buildings and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and network connectivity - that enables these objects to collect and exchange data.
"Anything that can be connected, will be connected.”

2. Rise of information technology

Information technology merges computing with high-speed communication links carrying data, sound & video.
2. Digital convergence
Digital convergence is the merger of several industries & various devices that exchange info in the digital format used by computers.

Digital Convergence
  • All media going digital
  • Data networks and devices are integrating
  • Industries are converging
Comcast Corp. is the No. 1 cable giant, serving approximately 22 million U.S. subscribers. The triple play and the quadruple play.

Convergence of services: In recent years the term convergence has also come to refer specifically to the ongoing 'bundling' of services by telecom players.

TCOM “triple play”

Rise of the smartphone
3. Rise of connectivity
Connectivity: The ability to connect computers to one another by wires or wireless technology to provide online information access.
  • Dial-up
  • Cable modem
  • DSL (Digital subscriber line)
  • Wi-Fi
  • Optical fiber
  • Mobile broadband (LTE)
  • Satellite internet
4. Expansion of broadband
Broadband refers to a transmission facility that has bandwidth (capacity) to carry many channels of information.

Top U.S. broadband providers (2013)
  • Comcast            19.8M
  • AT&T                 16.5M
  • Time Warner         11.5M
  • Verizon                 8.9M
2015: The FCC changes the definition of broadband. The minimum broadband download speeds now begin at 25Mbps, up from 4Mbps.

Streaming media is sound (audio) and pictures (video) that are transmitted on the Internet in a streaming or continuous fashion, using data packets.

Google Fiber is a fiber-optic network being tested in several U.S. cities that advertises speeds of up to a gigabit per second.
5. Advances in digital compression
Digital compression reduces the number of computer digits that have to be transmitted while preserving the basic information content.
  • Emerging compress scheme: HTML5 video
6. Increased interactivity
Interactivity means that the user is able to make an immediate response to what is going on & modify the process, i.e. there is dialog between the user & the computer or communications devices.
  • Some new “smart TVs” let you control your set with voice, hand gesture or a touch pad remote.
7. Expansion of multimedia
Multimedia refers to technology that presents information in more than one medium, including text, graphics, animation, video, music & voice.
  • Smart phones have a strong focus on multimedia capabilities.
8. Rise of personalization
Personalization refers to the delivery of individualized (customized) information and entertainment via electronic media.
  • Launched in 2005, Pandora is free, personalized Internet radio service.
9. Advances in miniaturization
Miniaturization is the continual shrinkage of the dimensions of a technology -- length, width and height; the design and construction of TCOM equipment in small scale.

Nanotechnology: Miniaturization technology dealing with matter on a molecular size scale of nanometers (1 billionth of a meter).

Wearable technology is a category of technology devices that can be worn by a consumer and often include tracking information related to health and fitness.
10. Advances in screen resolution
Simply put, resolution refers to the clarity of the image on a video display screen.

HDTV: One mode of digital TV whereby the broadcaster transmits a wide-screen picture with many times more detail than is contained in old analog television pictures.

Blu-ray disc is the optical disc format meant for high definition video (HD) and high density data storage. (Sony)

UltraHD: Now even more pixels….
  • Traditionally, the industry measures a TV's resolution by its vertical pixel count
  • So… a 1920x1080 TV is marketed as "1080"  
  • But for 4K and 8K resolutions, we've switched to the horizontal measurement.
  • The "4K" resolution is 3840×2160 (Quad Full HD)
  • The 8K resolution (Ultra HD) is 7680×4320
The amount of content available for these hyper-pixeled displays?

Not just more pixels, better pixels.
  • New TV sets featuring HDR (High Dynamic Range) technology display a wider and richer range of colors, much brighter whites, and much deeper, darker blacks.
Fidelity refers to the accuracy with which an electronic system reproduces the sound or image of its input signal.

HD Radio is the technology selected by the FCC in 2002 for terrestrial digital audio broadcasting in the U.S.
11. Rise of portability
Portability means that people may easily move from physical location to location yet still use a device wherever they are.
12. Growth of wireless & mobile communication
Mobility means that users are able to access services while on the move, taking advantage of a wireless networking infrastructure.

Wi-Fi, or Wireless Fidelity, allows you to connect to the Internet from various locations without wires.

On the market since 2006, WiMAX is a wireless standard designed to extend local Wi-Fi networks up to 30 miles.

3-G: Third-generation mobile phone technology. 3G phones have the ability to transfer non-voice data (such as mobile TV and Web data).

Introduced in 2009, Long Term Evolution (LTE) is a new standard in mobile phone network technology that is often marketed as 4G.

4G is the fourth generation of cellular wireless standards. In 2009, the International Telecommunications Union set a 4G standard of 100 Mbit/s.

5G is the coming  fifth-generation wireless broadband technology.
  • 5G will provide better speeds and coverage than the current 4G.
  • 5G is set to offer speeds of up to 1 Gb/s.
  • 5G is not scheduled for launch until 2020.
The Clinton-Gore administration called the “information highway” the National Information Infrastructure (NII)

President Bush set a goal of providing affordable broadband services to all Americans during his administration.

President Obama supports high-speed Internet access for all Americans.  But who will pay?
New directions:
Augmented reality is a technology that superimposes a computer-generated image on a user's view of the real world, thus providing a composite view.

Virtual reality is an artificial environment that is created with software and presented to the user in such a way that the user suspends belief and accepts it as a real environment.

Artificial intelligence refers to the development of computer systems able to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and translation between languages.
  • Stephen Hawking believes artificial intelligence could doom the human race, and he's not alone.